Level X, Volume 1

Positions on Transport, Technology, Innovation

Light at the end of the tunnel?
Certainly!


Behind us lies a year of challenges: in terms of health, society and the economy. In all the months of video-conferencing, what suffered most was the dialogue, the joint discourse, the personal exchange. That’s why we have just now decided to open an entertaining, regular channel with the micro-magazine Level X.

Tunnel hoch
It is intended to serve as a “launch vehicle” for exciting topics and to promote the personal dialog that we hope will soon be possible again – for the time being in print form and digitally. You as the recipient of this magazine and all employees at EBE have one thing in common: rail transport is the focus of all of us, our profession and our passion. Yet the subject of rail is much more: it combines tradition with innovation, is universal and individual at the same time, sometimes nostalgic and often forward-looking. Rail traffic looks back on an eventful past and forward to a promising future.

We want to address all these aspects with our magazine in future and discuss them together with you. Our industry needs a dialog more than ever, and this first issue of Level X is intended to provide the impetus. Get in touch with us, we are looking forward to your feedback, but also to your suggestions for topics for future issues. Simply write to This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or call (+43 1 865 76 00-47).

Right now, in the face of the climate challenges, the railroad has set out, as it did 200 years ago, to connect countries and continents and to bring our world a little closer together.

And this time it may even help to save it.
We at EBE are proud to play our part in this.

We hope you enjoy reading this issue,
Laurenz Trunner and the EBE Solutions team

The eventful history
of the first railway in Ukraine

150 years of the
Vienna–Lviv train line 

EBE Solutions is present in several Eastern European countries and is a sought-after partner there. We are thus following a long tradition of innovative spirit and entrepreneurship of Austrian companies in this region. The (train) connections between Austria and Eastern Europe look back on an eventful history.

This year it is 150 years since the line between Przemyśl (Poland) and Lviv (Lviv) was opened as the first railroad line on the present territory of Ukraine. The 98-kilometer long section was part of a connection via Kraków and for the first time connected the center of western Ukraine with the imperial city of Vienna. The line was built by the k.k. priv. Galizische Carl Ludwig-Bahn, a railroad company that emerged from the k.k. Östliche Staatsbahn in 1858.

Multiple “track changes”


In 1892, the line was nationalized by the Imperial Austrian State Railways and has since been in changing state ownership: after the end of the war in 1918, it had been incorporated into the Polish State Railways. With the occupation of eastern Poland by the Soviet Union in 1939, the change to Russian broad gauge (1520 mm) began immediately – but this was reversed just as quickly in 1941 with Germany’s invasion of the Soviet Union. Another “gauge change” finally took place at the end of the Second World War, because the railroad line was again taken in possession by the Soviet Railways. They re-gauged the entire line to broad gauge and integrated it into their network, which was finally taken over by the Ukrainian Railways in 1991.

Lwow Lemberg Gowny dworzec BahnhofPostcard, 1916

Lwow Lemberg Gowny dworzec BahnhofView of the building of the main railway station in Lviv, 1910


A role model for Otto Wagner


Today, the double-track electrified line is operated by Ukrainian Railways on two gauges (Russian broad gauge to Żurawica north of Przemyśl in Poland). Lviv station is still one of the largest passenger stations in Ukraine, carrying over a million passengers every month. The reception building of the station, built in 1904, served as a model for later buildings in Vienna and Prague and inspired famous architects, including Otto Wagner. Wagner even visited the largest and most modern railroad station in the monarchy at the time to see for himself. After the war, the exterior of the badly damaged building was faithfully restored, but the interior was contemporary in the style of the Stalin era.

Today, the station presents itself almost unchanged and is still the destination and starting point of many international connections – including (and still) to Vienna.

Picture below: the reception building of Lviv station today.


Win a copy of the
“Ukrainian Railroad Ladies” picture book!


The level crossings on the railroad network in Ukraine are almost completely automated and yet still people work in those little pastel-colored houses all over the country: the Ukrainian dispatchers hold the fort, 80% of them are women! Photographer Sasha Maslov has now created a poetic memorial to them in his acclaimed book ”Ukrainian Railroad Ladies”. He portrayed 50 of these proud railroad employees, who – unimpressed by the passing trains and the march of time – have since become a symbol of continuity in this country in transition.

Write us a few lines
about how you find Level X!


Just write us a few lines about what you think of our new micro-magazine. We will draw a copy of the book from all entries. Mail to This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Ukrainian Railroad Ladies cover 2Sasha Maslov, ”Ukrainian Railroad Ladies”, 2020, Osnovy Publishing

Ukrainian Railroad Ladies is more than 50 portraits of traffic controllers and safety officers at railroads of Ukraine. This project is also an exploration of why these professions still exist in the 21st century, given the almost entire automatisation of railroad crossings in the country. (The Guardian)

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